Condo Insurance Coverage Terms You Need to Know, Part Two

couple buying their first condo

Having a condo insurance policy brings peace of mind — that is, until you’ve had a claim and realize you don’t understand any of the policy’s terminology. Vargas & Vargas Insurance is committed to making sure you have all the tools you need (and a full understanding of common condo insurance coverage terms) to make the best decisions about your condo insurance coverage. Your home is important to you. Understanding your condo insurance policy is vital to making sure your home has the right protection. 

Condo Insurance Coverage Terms

Bare Walls/Single Entity/All-In Master Policies

Your condo association will have a master policy in place to cover the building itself and common areas. There are multiple types of master policies. Knowing which type of coverage your condo association master policy has will help you determine what coverage you need.

Bare Walls

This coverage covers the condo building and common areas. The master policy covers everything from the sheetrock back. But the area within the bare walls is the condo unit owner’s responsibility, including light fixtures, faucets, and everything else. This is the most common type of condo association master policy.

Single Entity Coverage

In this case, the master policy covers the unit as is when the owner moves in, including cabinets, flooring, etc. 

All-In Coverage

This rarest form of condo association master policy covers everything but your personal property, including any alterations and improvements you make after moving in. 

Dwelling Coverage

Once you’ve determined what your condo association’s master policy covers, you are responsible for the rest. Your condo insurance policy’s dwelling coverage will cover all the permanently affixed items not covered by the master policy up to the dwelling coverage limit. 

Personal Property Coverage

This includes all of your personal belongings, such as clothing, furniture, electronics, household tools, and more. It’s important to speak with your agent about items you think fall into this coverage area but may actually not. Examples might be golf carts and four-wheelers. Keeping an inventory of your personal property is important, too; you will need to itemize them in the event of a loss. 

Unit Improvements and Betterments Coverage

This coverage protects the upgrades you’ve made to your condo unit, which your condo association’s master policy might not cover. This could include upgraded flooring, cabinetry, light fixtures, or faucets. You’ve worked hard to make your condo personalized for your family. So make sure those upgrades have coverage. 

Liability Coverage

While the condo association master policy may provide some coverage for liability incidents on common property, that doesn’t release you from responsibility for liability within your residence. In a condo, your liability risk increases due to the proximity of other condo units. Liability coverage provides legal protection up to your policy limit. Most policies come with a basic amount, but you can increase it for a minimal additional premium. 

Additional Living Expense/Loss of Use

When a claim occurs, your condo may not be inhabitable for a time. This is why Additional Living Expense coverage, also known as Loss of Use coverage, is so important. This coverage will help with the cost of displacement up to the time period specified in the policy. 


An endorsement is an addition to your condo policy. You may need more coverage than allotted in your basic policy in a particular coverage area. Endorsements allow you to add that coverage. A common example is jewelry. Most policies provide a limited amount of jewelry coverage but allow more coverage through endorsements. 


An exclusion is a coverage area that is specifically not included in your policy. Your policy will have a list of exclusions. It’s imperative to review these exclusions because there are often options to provide coverage for the excluded perils separately. One example is flooding. A flood is usually an excluded peril; however, flood insurance is available as a stand-alone policy. 

Inflation Protection

The cost to repair or replace damage to your home and belongings does not stay static. So most condo insurance policies include inflation protection, which raises your coverage in small increments each renewal, as needed, to keep pace with inflation. 


A risk is the possibility of something unexpected happening. A peril is the cause of something unexpected happening. For example, the peril of a fire increases the risk of damage to personal property. Knowing what perils are covered under your policy is imperative for you to have proper protection from the risks you face as a condo unit owner.

 For more condo insurance coverage terms, see part one of Condo Insurance Terms You Need to Know. Condo insurance coverage terms can be intimidating while also being vitally important. That’s why Vargas & Vargas Insurance, a premier local independent insurance agency, is here. We will customize your insurance coverage to your specific needs at the right price and are here to answer all of your insurance questions. Contact us today.